Low back pain in adolescents
Of all the physical therapy treatments for Low Back Pain in children and adolescents, the combination of therapeutic physical conditioning and manual therapy is the most effective. The goals of physical therapy is to decrease pain, increase function, and provide education on a maintenance program to prevent further recurrences.
A physical therapy program for back pain usually has two components:
Passive physical therapy to help reduce the patient’s pain to a more manageable level. Active physical therapy, which focuses on specific exercises and stretching. For most low back pain treatments, active exercise is the focus of the physical therapy program. The most common causes of back pain in adolescents, as in adults, are thought to arise from within the muscles. Muscle-related pain tends to be localized to paraspinal muscles of the thoracic or lumbar area rather than over the spine itself. In chronic low back pain, the physical therapy exercise approach remains a first-line treatment, and should routinely be used.